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FACT FILES
Utilities


Urban water supply inadequate

Accra, 6 Oct. 2003, GNA - Water supply to urban areas is inadequate. The Ghana Water Company Ltd produces 567,000 cubic metres of water daily from 83 water systems to supply 9,147,000 people. However, total water demand for 2003 is 940,000 cubic metres daily for the estimated population of 20,000,000. The present urban water supply coverage is about 59 per cent while the level of water unaccounted for is 49 per cent.

 
Access to electricity
An average 27.1 per cent of Ghana’s population has access to electricity. Six regions are below average:
Upper West 9 per cent
Upper East 13 per cent
Northern 16 per cent
Volta 17.5 per cent
Brong-Ahafo 17.8 per cent
Central 24 per cent
Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy, April 2002,
 
Demand for petrol

Accra, 17 Oct. 2002, Daily Graphic – Ghana’s weekly demand for premium petrol is 10,000 tonnes, for gas oil 12,000 tonnes and for 1,500 tonnes of liquefied petroleum gas, said energy minister Albert Kan-Dapaah.

 
VRA purchases and suppliers

Accra, 11 Oct. 2002, Daily Graphic - The Volta River Authority buys about 5,000 different items a year worth about ¢50 bn. It has so far registered 798 potential suppliers eligible to bid in VRA procurement tenders.

 
Low energy use in Upper East Region

Accra, Oct. 2002, GNA – Only 20 per cent of people in the Upper East Region have access to pipe-borne water and electricity grid power, said Mr. Stephen Adu, Executive Secretary of the Public Utilities Regulatory Commission. He said 40 per cent of residential customers in the area use less than 50 units a month, while 54 per cent consumed between 51 and 300 units a month. He added that 94 per cent of customers in the region use less than 300 units per month and enjoy the 60 and 40 per cent subsidized rates. Mr. Adu urged consumers to adopt efficient energy practices and water use to cut down to the minimum the current level of waste that, he said, was at 30 per cent.

 
Rising number of pay phones in Tema

Tema, 2 Sept. 2002, GNA - Tema has 280 pay phone booths and will have 500 by the end of the year, said Ghana Telecom area manager Joseph Odoi.

 
‘Tema has best water supply in Ghana’

Tema, 2 Sept. 2002, GNA - Tema has the best stable water supply in Ghana and generates the highest revenue, said Mr. Daniel K. Bainson, Tema Area engineer of the Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL). About 35 mn gallons of water are pumped to the booster station from Kpong and 12 mn gallons are released daily to Tema.

 
Daily costs of water supply.

Kwanyako (CR), 1 Aug. 2002, GNA - The Ghana Water Company Ltd. (GWCL) spends over ¢233 mn daily and $1 mn monthly on electricity for pumping water to consumers, said the works and housing minister Yaw Barimah. He said GWCL spends another ¢133 mn daily on chemicals for the treatment of raw water.

 
 
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Source: Cloth As Metaphor: (Re)reading the Adinkra Cloth Symbols of the Akan of Ghana – G.F. Kojo Arthur (www.marshall.edu/akanart); The Adinkra Dictionary – W. Bruce Willis (www.adinkra.org)
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The Ghana Nsem masthead design was independently conceived in mid-2009. It turns out that www.houseofknowledge.com was already using the Adinkra symbol of lifelong quest for knowledge in its design, and that Akoben, a Ghana Network for Women’s Rights (NETRIGHT) publication, was also already using the Adinkra war horn symbol in its design. Ghana Nsem hereby acknowledges their prior use of the symbols.
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Source: Cloth As Metaphor: (Re)reading the Adinkra Cloth Symbols of the Akan of Ghana – G.F. Kojo Arthur (www.marshall.edu/akanart); The Adinkra Dictionary – W. Bruce Willis (www.adinkra.org)
Acknowledgement
The Ghana Nsem masthead design was independently conceived in mid-2009. It turns out that www.houseofknowledge.com was already using the Adinkra symbol of lifelong quest for knowledge in its design, and that Akoben, a Ghana Network for Women’s Rights (NETRIGHT) publication, was also already using the Adinkra war horn symbol in its design. Ghana Nsem hereby acknowledges their prior use of the symbols.

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